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Typy Labradoru
Napsal - Jack Vanderwyk
preklad - Sarka Simkova
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Kolik Labradoru tolik typu.  A jak by je clovek popsal?
Studoval jsem celou historii plemene L.R. a dosel k zaveru, ze v plemenu jsou po desitky let stale typy.
Takze kdyz lide rikaji, ze jejich Labrador puvodem pochazi z Anglie- tak zvany 'Anglicky Typ' mnou pojmenovan Typ Brittany je tak jak ma Labrador vypadat myli se. Typ Brittany je vicemene v dnesni dobe v Europe modni a to je vse.
Ostatni typy Labradoru jsou zname po celou dobu, takze nejsou nicim novym, at se vam to oficialne snazi tvrdit.
 
Holton Classic (typ 1) - podle CH.Holton Baron (1951) , zjistite ,ze se jen malo podoba s Brittany (typ 2), ktery je mensi, zda se, ze ma kratsi nohy a mohutnejsi hrut.
 
Donalbain (typ 3) - je mensi nez typ Holton Classic, ale s vice atletickou postavou nez typ Brittany
 
Mardas (typ 4) - je velky a nebo vetsi nez typ Holton Classic, s vetsi hlavou a sirsi hrudi.  Feny tohoto typu vypadaji casto jako psi z ostatnich typu.
 
Whitmore (typ 5) - je mensi, s atletickou postavou, s uzkou hlavou ( specialne feny )
 
Lawnwood (typ 6) - je skvelym vysledkem spojeni typu Holton Classic a Brittany.
 
Krizeni ruznych typu L.R. je bezne a neni na vsem nic neobvykleho nebo spatneho. Faktem je , ze ruzne krizeni je potrebne k vylepseni krevni linie a zamrzeni extremu. Proto je nekdy obtizne zaradit jedince do jedinneho z popsanych 6ti typu.  Napriklad nase Grace, ma typicke telo a kostruDonalbain, ale jeji hlava je ponekud uzka. 
Americani je obvykle nazyvaji typickym 'Americkym typem' coz samozrejme neni spravne, ale svedci to o tom, ze Americane jsou vice zvykle na uzkou hlavu u Labradoru nez Europane. Kdybych mel Grace zaradit k nejakemu typu musel bych ji nazvat, ze je typem 3/5. Nas Oliver, je typicky Mardas - cerny pes- typem 4. Naomi je vice typ Donalbain, se sklonem k Holton Classic a Brittany. takze bych ji zaradil k typu 3/1/2.  Artie je typickym Holton Classic - typ 1, zatim co Dublin je typ Donalbain s jasnymi znaky Mardas, cili typ 3/4.  Jennifer je typ Whitmore s Lawnwood takze je typ 5/6.
 
Type 1: Holton Classic (male)
Type 1: Holton Classic (male)
Type 1: Holton Classic (male)
Type 1: Holton Classic (female)
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Type 2: Brittany (female)

 
 
Type 2: Brittany (female)
Type 2: Brittany (male)
Type 3: Donalbain (female)
Type 3: Donalbain (female)
Type 3: Donalbain (male)
Type 3: Donalbain (male)
Type 4: Mardas Black
(Female)
Type 4: Mardas Black
(Female)
Type 4: Mardas Black
(Male)
Type 4: Mardas Black
(Male)
Type 4: Mardas Black (male)
Type 4: Mardas Gold
(Male)
Type 4: Mardas Gold (male)
Type 4: Mardas Choc (male)
Type 4: Mardas Choc (male)
Type 4: Mardas Choc (male)
Type 5: Whitmore choc (male)
Type 5: Whitmore (male)
Type 5: Whitmore choc (female)
Type 5: Whitmore black (male)
Type 5: Whitmore black (male)
Type 5: Whitmore (female)
Type 5: Whitmore yellow (female)
Type 5: Whitmore yellow (female)
Type 5: Whitmore (male)
Type 5: Whitmore yellow (male)
Type 6: Lawnwood (male & female)
Type 6: Lawnwood (male) 

Henk fit na vystvu (37kg)

Henk  fit na Field Trials (27kg)
Vzhledem k toliku typum je velmi obtizne dosahnout dvojiho championatu, to je labrador , ketery by ziskal sampiona na vystavach i v pracovnich zkouskach. Nekdo rekl, ze chovatele pracovnich psu odchovavaji atlety, a chovatele vystavnich psu modelky.  Jak tezke to opravdu je, vidite na techto fotografiich.
Henk Van De Waterlandspolder musel shodit 9kg, aby byl fit na field Trials, a znovu pribrat 9kg, byl obstal na vystave. Me osobne se Henk libi na fotce v pravo, a tak nevim , proc si rozhodci nevazi dvojiho vyuziti labradoru na vystave, pokud jsou v pracovni kondici. Nekde musi byt chyba. 
Phenotypes

Black dominant (KK): CC EE BB DD gg intmintm
Yellow (ee): CC KK BB DD gg intmintm
Chocolate (bb): CC EE KK DD gg intmintm
Black carrying chocolate (Bb): CC EE KK DD gg intmintm
Black carrying chocolate and yellow (Bb Ee): CC KK DD gg intmintm
Black carrying yellow (Ee BB): CC KK DD gg intmintm
Yellow carrying chocolate (yellow liver) (ee bb):  CC KK DD gg intmintm
Dominant black carrying brindle (Kkbr): CC DD gg intmintm
Chocolate carrying brindle (kbrkbr bb): CC EE DD gg intmintm
Yellow carrying brindle (ee kbrkbr): CC BB DD gg intmintm
 

Breeding and interbreeding

In our database I found 480 unregistered Labrador retrievers, born in the U.K. between 1897 and 1962. 
Further more I found 21 interbred or fullbred Flatcoats or Chesapeake Bay retrievers in our Labrador retriever database, all born in the U.K. between 1914 and 1933. 
It is well known that even in the 1980s Golden retrievers were used to improve the coats of yellow Labradors, and we also know that the Kennel Club hasn't been informed about these interbreedings.

There are a lot of missing links in our database, and sometimes the reasons for this are rather obvious. Of all the 21 interbred or fullbred Flatcoats or Chesapeake Bay retrievers, most of them being Field Trial champions, we could only track the ancestors for more than two generations of two dogs. The information about the ancestors of the other 19 interbred dogs was simply removed from the files in the 1930s. It seems that some well known Labrador breeders didn't want the public to know that their succesful dogs were partly the offspring of interbred dogs. 

Two well known Chesapeake Bay retrievers were a dog called Jolly, who sired the male Labrador retriever Jolly Sam, born before 1933, and the bitch Corydalys, who was the dam of the female Labrador retriever Micklefield Juno, born before 1925.


Chesapeake Bay retriever


Male champion Chesapeake Bay retriever


Three male Chesapeake Bay retrievers


Old female Chesapeake Bay retriever

Some of us who are breeders of Labrador retrievers won't find any difficulties to recognise characteristics of the Chessies above in many of our chocolate Labs. 


Flatcoat retrievers

Given the depletion of breeding stock, especially after the second World War, Flatcoats and Labradors were widely interbred to broaden the gene pool and increase the number of dogs to a safer level. For example, the Labrador CH. Horton Max, a well-regarded Labrador at the turn of the century was actually an interbred, sired by the influential CH. Darenth, a Flatcoat, while Horton Max's son Maxim's dam Horton Flo was also an interbred; her sire was the Flatcoat  Horton Viceroy, born before 1912. For some reason, while those breeders in Flatcoats are aware of this mixing, many Labrador breeders are not.

Another famous Flatcoat who influenced the Labrador retriever was the bitch Stoneleigh Quality. She and the Labrador Brayton Swift were the parents of the Labrador bitch Fairgirth Bell, born before 1917. 

Despite the widespread removal of the descendants of interbred dogs from the database, are we still able to track some of them down? Yes we are.

At the very bottom of this 6-generation pedigree of the famous Holton Baron, we find a black bitch called Kwa. She was born before 1933. 
Now let's take a look at Kwa's pedigree: 

On the top of this pedigree we find the interbred dog called Shine, born before 1918. Shine's sire was the Labrador Start and his dam was the interbred Mat, born before 1916. 

The blood of the interbred Stourhead Gilda, born before 1924, can be found in many American lines. 

On the bottom of Hiwood Mike's 6 generation pedigree we find Cariboo of Langbourne, actually born before 1926. He was the son of Stourhead Gilda. 
Hiwood Mike, in turn, sired Little Pierre of Deer Creek, who sired Coastal Charger of Deer Creek, who sired Cork of Oakwood Lane. Cork of Oakwood Lane sired a lot of famous dogs. To name a few: Del Tone Colvin, Marten's Black Badger, Marten's High Style Buck, Bay City Katie Jane, Jet Black Of Del Tone, Whygin Cork's Coot, Ace Hi Royal Flush, and Ace Hi Crusader. They produced many present-day champions. 

So Labrador breeders have nothing to be ashamed of. They did well. When I look at my labs, blacks, yellows and chocs, I'm sure I see some characteristics of Flatcoats, Goldens and Chessies. And all I can do is thank the breeders who had the wisdom to cross these breeds into their lines. 

 

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